Updated: Jul 18
In this article, we are going to know the history of the Hindi language, its relevance in the globalised world and its future among the world, with a lot of interesting facts!
Hindi aur Hindustan
The Hindi language is a part of the Indic group of languages. The historical development of Hindi is based on the dialect of the city-state of Kosala. Sanskrit was the language of the culture of this area. It was used in administrative transactions and in the Buddhist and Hindu literature. The earliest form of Hindi used the Siddhamatrika script of Sanskrit. This script was inspired by the Brahmi script. The earliest example of this script is found in the ruins of Avanti. The script did not have any vowels, and the consonants were written from right to left. This script was used by the Jains and is still used by some of the Jain communities. The script spread to other parts of India, and it was adopted by Buddhists for some of their religious literature.
Standard Hindi, which consists of 10 vowels and 35 consonants and is written in the Devanagari script, has been strongly influenced by Sanskrit. Hindi got its name from the Persian word Hind, meaning ‘land of the Indus River.'
After independence (Aug 15, 1947), the new constitution was adopted in India on January 26, 1950, and Hindi was adopted as the official language of the Republic of India. The first Hindi day was celebrated on September 14, 1953. Later, Pt Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, announced 14th September to be celebrated as Hindi Diwas in the country.
Vartaman mein Hindi
A language has to be preserved to preserve a culture because it gives us a unique way of looking at the world. Language shows respect and makes it easier for people to share their world with you and learning Hindi is a great way to broaden your understanding of the world. Language is a very powerful weapon for the existence of a culture. Language reflects our culture, our traditions, our inheritance and our cultural wealth accumulated over generations. The only difference between animals and humans is that we can pass on our experiences, our learning and our knowledge to the next generations through a language.
Over the last 50 years, the world's Hindi-speaking population has increased from 260 million to 420 million. Hindi is a very beautiful language and it's beauty is defined by it's words. There is a lot that one can learn about the Hindi culture by learning Hindi since it is not just a language but a way of living.
Widely spoken in the northern, central, western, and parts of eastern, and southern India, Hindi, according to the 2001 Census of India, is the second-most-spoken first language in the country, after Bengali, with a total of 45.8 million native speakers.
Some really interesting facts about the Hindi language are -
1) Namaste! Much like ‘Hello!’ in English, Namaste is a courteous way of greeting people in India which went global amid the Coronavirus outbreak and became the most favoured greeting in Covid times.
2) Hindi is a language of India with over 400 million native speakers, making it the 3rd most spoken language in the world due to its flexible syntax. Hindi is one of the official languages of India, as well as one of the 22 official languages of the Union Territory of Delhi.
3) Hindi has been the language of some of the greatest writers of all times, including Surdas, Munshi Premchand, Jaishankar Prasad, Ramdhari Singh Dinkar and Devaki Nandan Khatri, among others, who have proudly used it as a medium to further their reformist agenda, and took it to an elevated level.
4) Watching films can be a great way to gain insight into the culture of a country. If we talk about Hindi cinema, Bollywood films generally account for around 40% of net Indian box office revenue, which is a huge resource for anyone wanting to learn Hindi.
5) English also has borrowed a great number of words from Hindi. Examples of Hindi loanwords are karma, pyjamas, loot, bungalow, avatar etc. The fact that Hindi typewriters also came to markets in the 1930s will surely amaze you.
6) There are a number of students who see pursuing Hindi literature as a subject as a method of living life rather than just a course. The young would automatically choose to learn Hindi for higher education due to the growth of an Indi-pop culture.
7) One of the most interesting facts about Hindi is that every noun has its own gender, either masculine or feminine.
Bhavishya mein sambhavnayein
Is Hindi going to survive westernization nowadays? It is obviously going to survive because Hindi is considered to be the mother language of most of the Indian population. The potential of Hindi embraces in itself the rich heritage of literature, customs, poetry and philosophies. Whether it’s an investment by Google in its Hindi language tools or the rapid growth of Hindi language newspapers and TV channels, this is a language on the ascendency. Some more facts that support a bright future of Hindi are-
Not only in India, but the language is also famous in countries like Nepal, Singapore, and parts of countries east of India.
Article 351 of the Indian constitution states “It shall be the duty of the Union to promote the spread of the Hindi language”.
About 25 Hindi magazines and newspapers are published every day in countries outside India.
Also, the Indian Readership Survey for the first half of 2019 shows Dainik Bhaskar as the highest and Dainik Jagran as second-highest most read news dailies, proves that there is always a bright future for the Hindi language.
Clearly, Hindi is gaining more and more fame due to its undeniable beauty, its rich culture and its heritage.